Sample Lesson Plans
Sample Lesson Plans Based on the Florida Early Learning and Developmental Standards for Four-Year-Olds (2011)
These lesson plans, based on the Florida Early Learning and Developmental Standards for Four-Year-Olds (2011), are designed to help develop the skills that four-year-olds should know and be able to do by the end of their prekindergarten year. There are targeted Standards for Four-Year-Olds included in each lesson plan. To show prekindergarten administrators and teachers how one lesson can be easily integrated across the five domains of development, related Standards for Four-Year-Olds are also included in each lesson plan.
I. Physical Development
II. Approaches to Learning
Approaches to Learning is a unique and critical domain of children's development that focuses on children's attitudes and dispositions toward learning. The lesson plans included in each of the other domains of development focus on specific content knowledge that children should know and be able to do by the end of their VPK experience. Although, Approaches to Learning is not about specific content knowledge, it may be fostered through the lesson plans as children deal with new environments, interactions, and discoveries.
The four components of approaches to learning including eagerness and curiosity, persistence, creativity, planning and reflection, help direct the "how" of learning in all other domains of development. Children learn best when eagerness and curiosity, persistence, creativity, and planning and reflection are encouraged and supported in all domains of development through play. The degree to which they successfully employ approaches to learning components is highly dependent upon the quality and quantity of interactions with supportive adults and peers.
III. Social and Emotional Development
- The Giving Box Lesson Plan (PDF, 144KB)
The Giving Box Lesson Plan (RTF, 99KB)
Each child gives a compliment to a friend and passes him/her "The Giving Box" (e.g., an empty gift-wrapped box). The child, who receives the compliment holds "The Giving Box," and gives a compliment to another friend.
IV. Language, Communication, and Emergent Literacy
Language and Communication
Guess the Word Lesson Plan (PDF, 165KB)
- Guess the Word Lesson Plan (RTF, 101KB)
Two Onset and Rime Picture Cards are placed face up on the table. The children listen as the teacher segments a word that names one of the pictures on the Onset and Rime Picture Cards into its onset and rime. Then the children try to guess which word the teacher has segmented.
Puppet Word Detectives Lesson Plan (PDF, 451KB)
Puppet Word Detectives Lesson Plan (RTF, 131KB)
Children play onset-rime puppet games with the teacher to determine which word the puppets are making when combining the onset (first consonant sound in a word, before the vowel) and rime (the vowel and what follows the vowel in that syllable).
Rime Train Lesson Plan (PDF, 174KB)
Rime Train Lesson Plan (RTF, 110KB)
Children match Onset (first sound) and Rime (the vowel and all the sounds that follow the onset) Picture Cards to the corresponding rime on train cars (e.g., -at).
Sound Detective Lesson Plan (PDF, 151KB)
Sound Detective Lesson Plan (RTF, 116KB)
Children wear a detective's hat as they segment and blend the onset (first sound) and rime (the vowel and all the sounds that follow the onset) in words. Children use a magnifying glass to search for the picture that matches the Rime Picture Card on the Rime Picture Board game board.
V. Cognitive Development and General Knowledge
Circle, Triangle, Rectangle, Square... I See Shapes Everywhere Lesson Plan (PDF, 209KB)
- Circle, Triangle, Rectangle, Square... I See Shapes Everywhere Lesson Plan (RTF, 107KB)
Children will use two-dimensional shapes (e.g., circle, triangle, square, rectangle, oval) to create a picture.
Diagonal, Horizontal, and Vertical Lesson Plan (PDF, 503KB)
Diagonal, Horizontal, and Vertical Lesson Plan (RTF, 179KB)
The teacher will introduce new vocabulary words (e.g., diagonal, horizontal, and vertical), with pictures that represent each word. Children will identify and sort the pictures of objects with a diagonal, horizontal, and vertical orientation.
I See Lesson Plan (PDF, 86KB)
I See Lesson Plan (RTF, 130KB)
Children will play I See (similar to I Spy) and identify objects that are being described based on their location (position) in the classroom. Children describe the relative position of objects that have been described.
- Ladybugs Lesson Plan (PDF, 465KB)
Ladybugs Lesson Plan (RTF, 137KB)
Children will analyze pictures of objects to see if they are examples of symmetry or non-symmetry. Each child will construct a ladybug and explain whether or not it is an example of symmetry or non-symmetry.
Simone Says Lesson Plan (PDF, 117KB)
Simone Says Lesson Plan (RTF, 168KB)
Children will play Simone Says (similar to Simon Says) and follow directions with positional words to move through space and find places in the learning environment.